Posts Tagged ‘ UN ’

International Day of Rural Women

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Women play a critical role in the rural economies of both developed and developing countries. In many parts of the world,
agriculture
is the first sector of employment for women, for instance in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South Asia, where respectively 68 per cent and 61 per cent of working women are employed in agriculture . Rural women, mainly farmers, are at least 1.6 billion and represent more than a quarter of the total world population. Women produce on average more than half of all the food that is grown: up to 80 per cent in Africa, 60 per cent in Asia, between 30 and 40 per cent in Latin America and Western countries. Women own only 2 per cent of the land, and receive only one per cent of all agricultural credit. Only 5 per cent of all agricultural extension resources are directed to women. Women represent two third of all illiterate people. The number of rural women living in poverty has doubled since 1970. The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Rural Women  directs attention to both the contribution that women make in rural areas and the many challenges that they face. It also celebrates and honours the role of rural women on October 15 each year. It recognizes rural women’s importance in enhancing agricultural and rural development worldwide.

History -Day of Rural Women

The International Day of Rural Women was first celebrated as an official UN observance on October 15, 2008. This day recognizes the role of rural women, including indigenous women, in enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security and eradicating rural poverty. The idea of honouring rural women with a special day was put forward at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, in 1995. It was suggested that October 15 be celebrated as “World Rural Women’s Day,” which is the eve of World Food Day, to highlight rural women’s role in food production and food security. “World Rural Women’s Day” was previously celebrated across the world for more than a decade before it was officially a UN observance.

Event-Day of Rural Women

Many people, government agencies, community groups and non-government associations celebrate the International Day of Rural Women on October 15 every year. Television, radio, online, and print media broadcast or publish special features to promote the day. Panel discussions, research papers, and conferences are also held to review and analyse rural women’s role in society, particularly in areas such as economic improvement and agricultural development.

Other activities and events include:

  • Global exchange programs for women in agriculture.
  • The launch of fund-raising projects to support rural women.
  • Expos and workshops showcasing rural women’s contribution to their societies.
  • Strategic meetings to present issues on topics, such as empowering women farmers, to policy makers.
Advertisements

International Day of Non-Violence

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

International Day of Non-Violence – 2nd October

On June 15, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared Oct. 2 of each year to be “International Day of Non-Violence” to commemorate the birthday of Mahatma Ghandi. Ghandi’s name is recognized around the world as synonymous with peace, and this day strives to further his philosophy through education and public awareness.

Most would agree that Mahatma Ghandi was a great and inspirational human being. Here are some interesting facts about his life that you may not have known:

* Ghandi spoke English with an Irish accent.

* Ghandi lived on a diet of fruit, goat’s milk and olive oil.

* Ghandi was heavily influenced by Henry David Thoreau, specifically when it came to his beliefs on Civil Disobedience.

* Ghandi never visited the U.S.

Mahatma Gandhi – The Father of the Nation

Gandhi Jayanti Celebration

Gandhi  Jayanti Celebration-2nd Octomber

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. Gandhiji is called as Mahatma and Bapu by all Indians. He was officially honored as the Father of the Nation and his birthday is celebrated as Gandhi jayanti. The celebration and observance of the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi is to commemorate his sacrifices, morals and his teachings. His ethics and his principles on non-violence have become an inspiration of light for the world.

Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader. His tradition are still appreciated and commonly used for solving conflicts and finding nonviolent result to troubles. Some of the significant events used to take place every year although the festival is celebrated as a quiet affair. The following line makes to understand or comprehend to know all about celebrating Gandhi Jayanti.

Prayer meetings are held at Raj Ghat, New Delhi, and the memorial where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. The Prime Minister and President of India attend a prayer services. Other dignitaries are also present. Everybody present pays their respect to the great leader. As Gandhi is respected by all the religions, various religious and political leaders they all will come and pay their tribute to Gandhi. Religious poetry and prayers from different holy books are also read out. Moreover, Gandhis favorite devotional song Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram is sung in the memory of the deceived.

On Gandhi Jayanti, all schools and offices are closed throughout the nation to celebrate the occasion. In most schools, the instance is celebrated by performing various works, such as planting new saplings, distributing medicines to the poor and needy, cleaning public areas and pledging to educate poor people. 2nd October has also been affirmed as the International Day of Non-Violence by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th June, 2007. Hence, on this day, liquor is neither sold nor consumed throughout India in Gandhijis honor. Some sincere followers of Gandhiji also refrain from consuming meat on this day.

On the day of Gandhi Jayanthi many of the colleges and communities used to arrange various competitions such as essay writing and painting. Many of these competitions were conducted on the regards of glorifying peace, violence and the teachings of the great Gandhi.

International Day of Peace – 21 September 2012

International Day of Peace - 21 September 2012

What is World Day of Peace?

This year, 2012, the International Day of Peace is on a Friday, special activities and celebrations will take place all across the world to mark this Day. September 21, is the day declared by the United Nations General Assembly, as the International Day of Peace, a day devoted to commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace both within and among all nations and peoples.

The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by resolution 36/67 of the United Nations General Assembly to coincide with its opening session, which was held annually on the third Tuesday of September. In 2001, the General Assembly by unanimous vote adopted resolution 55/282, which established September 21 as an annual day of non-violence and cease-fire. The United Nations invites all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day, and to otherwise commemorate the Day through education and public awareness on issues related to peace.

It was established by a United Nations resolution in 1981 to coincide with the opening of the General Assembly. The first Peace Day was celebrated in September 1982. In 2002 the General Assembly officially declared September 21 as the permanent date for the International Day of Peace. By creating the International Day of Peace, the UN devoted itself to worldwide peace and encouraged all of mankind to work in cooperation for this goal. During the discussion of the U.N. Resolution that established the International Day of Peace, it was suggested that:

Peace Day should be devoted to commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace both within and among all nations and peoples…This day will serve as a reminder to all peoples that our organization, with all its limitations, is a living instrument in the service of peace and should serve all of us here within the organization as a constantly pealing bell reminding us that our permanent commitment, above all interests or differences of any kind, is to peace”.

International Day of Democracy

In 2008, at the initiative of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the United Nations General Assembly declared 15 September International Day of Democracy. The National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia commemorates the day every year.

The National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia will commemorate Democracy Day this year as well, in addition to the 120th anniversary of its membership at the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

A conference on Human Rights and Parliamentarians will be organised at the National Assembly House, in cooperation with the OSCE Mission to Serbia, on 6 October 2011, on the occasion of the International Day of Democracy and the anniversary of IPU membership. The Serbian translation of the Handbook titled Human Rights: A Handbook for Parliamentarians, published by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, will be presented in the course of the Conference.

Last year, the Inter-Parliamentary Union proposed that all the parliaments commemorate the International Day of Democracy with the topic Political responsibility: strengthening bonds between the parliament and the citizens. On the occasion, the Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia Prof. Dr Slavica Djukic-Dejanovic addressed all the MPs in a letter proposing that they get involved so that the National Assembly may, based on the answers to the questionnaire, gain insight into the citizens’ awareness of the work, position and significance of the National Assembly.

The National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia commemorated Democracy Day 2009 by publishing a note on democracy on its website.

“Compared with the world’s long historical experience with democracy, Serbia’s democracy is young and insufficiently developed, and it needs friends. The political factors should make use of the people’s preference of democracy to develop the democratic spirit, strengthen democratic institutions, include as many citizens as possible in the social reform, to create an environment conducive to economic development and better life, exhibiting social solidarity with the most underprivileged, and above all to spread trust in a free and just society”, states the note commemorating Democracy Day 2009, among other things.

A year earlier, in 2008, when the date was established, Serbia commemorated the International Day of Democracy by a Solemn Session of the National Assembly attended by the highest state dignitaries and representatives of the army, religious communities and diplomatic corps. The session was also attended by the UN Resident Coordinator and representative of the UN Development Programme in Serbia David Lance Clark. He congratulated Serbia on its progress in democratisation realised in the previous years.